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NWSS Contents
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Edition Notes
Table of Contents
About the Author
NWSS Chapters
Ch. 1: The Dangers from Nuclear Weapons: Myths and Facts
Ch. 2: Warnings and Communications
Ch. 3: Psychological Preparations
Ch. 4: Evacuation
Ch. 5: Shelter, the Greatest Need
Ch. 6: Ventilation and Cooling of Shelters
Ch. 7: Protection Against Fires and Carbon Monoxide
Ch. 8: Water
Ch. 9: Food
Ch. 10: Fallout Radiation Meters
Ch. 11: Light
Ch. 12: Shelter Sanitation and Preventive Medicine
Ch. 13: Surviving Without Doctors
Ch. 14: Expedient Shelter Furnishings
Ch. 15: Improvised Clothing and Protective Items
Ch. 16: Minimum Pre-Crisis Preparations
Ch. 17: Permanent Family Fallout Shelters for Dual Use
Ch. 18: Trans-Pacific Fallout
NWSS Appendices
App. A: Instructions for Six Expedient Fallout Shelters
App. A.1: Door-Covered Trench Shelter
App. A.2: Pole-Covered Trench Shelter
App. A.3: Small-Pole Shelter
App. A.4: Aboveground, Door-Covered Shelter
App. A.5: Aboveground, Ridgepole Shelter
App. A.6: Aboveground, Crib-Walled Shelter
App. B: How to Make and Use a Homemade Shelter-Ventilating Pump
App. C: A Homemade Fallout Meter, the KFM
App. D: Expedient Blast Shelters
App. E: How to Make a Homemade Piston Pump
App. F: Providing Improved Ventalation and Light
Selected References 
Selected Index
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Selected References

1. Radiobiological Factors in Manned Space Flight, Space Radiation Study Panel of the Life Sciences Committee, Space Science Board, National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, 1967.

2. Personal communication with Dr. C. C. Lushbaugh, Chairman, Medical and Health Science Division, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, in June 1977.

3. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons, 1962, Samuel Glasstone, Editor, published by U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, April 1962.

4. Adequate Shelters and Quick Reactions to Warning: A Key to Civil Defense," Francis X. Lynch, Science, Vol. 142, pp. 665-667, 1963.

5. Blast Tests of Expedient Shelters in the DICE THROW Event, Cresson H. Kearny and Conrad V. Chester, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. 5347, February 1978.

6. The Effects of Nuclear Weapons, 1977, Third Edition, Samuel Glasstone and Philip J. Dolan, Editors, U.S. Department of Defense and U.S. Department of Energy, 1977. This most authoritative publication has numerous sections written for non-technical educated readers. In 1986, a cloth-bound copy can be purchased for $17.00 from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. When ordering, ask for The Effects of Nuclear Weapons, 1977, Stock No. 008-046-00093-0. (Since the, price may be increased in future years, a buyer should first write requesting the current price.)

7. The 900 Dais, Harrison E. Salisbury, Harper Row, New York, N.Y., 1969.

8. Expedient Shelter Construction and Occupancy Experiments, Cresson H. Kearny, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. 5039, March 1976.

9. Biological Tolerance to Air Blast and Related Biomedical Criteria, Clayton S. White et al., Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Albuquerque, N.M., April 1965.

10. Instrument Requirements for Radiological Defense of the US. Population in Community Shelters, Carsten M. Haaland and Kathy S. Gant, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. 5371, August 1978.

11. Field Testing and Evaluation of Expedient Shelters in Deeply Frozen Ground, Ren Read, College of Environmental Design, University of Colorado, Denver, Cob., July 1978.

12. "Construction of Hasty Winter Shelters," Cresson H. Kearny, Annual Progress Report, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. 4784, March 71-March 72, December 1972.

13. Shelter Occupancy Studies at the University of Georgia, Final Report, 3. A. Hammes and Thomas R. Ahearn, OCD Contract No. OCD-PS-66-25, 1966.

14. "Environmental Physiology of Shelter Habitation," A. R. Dasler and D. Minard, paper presented at the ASHRAE Semiannual Meeting in Chicago, January 1965.

15. Studies of the Bureau of Yards and Docks Protective Shelter, NRL Report 5882, U.S. Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C., December 1962.

16. Winter Ventilation Tests, Guy B. Panero, Inc., Subcontract No. B-64212-US for Office of Civil Defense, February 1965.

17. "Interim Standards for Ventilating Systems and Related Equipment for Fallout Shelters," Office of Civil Defense, Washington, D.C., 1962.

Book Page: 278

18. Response to DCPA Questions on Fallout, DCPA Research Report No. 20, prepared by Subcommittee on Fallout, Advisory Committee on Civil Defense, National Academy of Sciences, November 1973.

19. Personnel Shelters and Protective Construction, NAVDOCKS P-81, Department of Navy, Bureau of Yards and Docks, September 1961

20. The Destruction of Dresden, David Irving, Wm. Kimber and Co., London, May 1963.

21. Chinese Civil Defense, excerpts from Basic Military Knowledge, Shanghai 1975, ORNL/tr-4171, edited by Conrad V. Chester and Cresson H. Kearny, Oak Ridge National Laboratory translation, August 1977.

22. The Effects of Mass Fires on Personnel in Shelters, A. Broido and A. W. Mc Masters, Technical Paper 50, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Berkeley, Calif., August 1960.

23. Civil Defense, N. I. Alabin, et al., Moscow 1970, ORNL/tr-2793, Oak Ridge National Laboratory translation, December 1973.

24. Manual of Individual Water Supply Systems, Environmental Protection Agency, Water Supply Division, Washington, D.C., 1973.

25. "Solubility of Radioactive Bomb Debris," D.C. Linsten, et al., Journal of American Water Work Association, 53, pp. 256-62, 1961.

26. Maintaining Nutritional Adequacy During A Prolonged Food Crisis, Kay B. Franz and Cresson H. Kearny, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. ORNL-5352, July 1979.

27. Livestock, Fallout and a Plan for Survival, W.F. Byrne and M.C. Bell, UT-AEC Agricultural Research Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tenn., R-CD-3, April 1973.

28. Availability and Shipment of Grain for Survival of the Relocated Population of the U.S. After a Nuclear Attack," Carsten M. Haaland, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, May 1977.

29. Personal Communication with Kathy S. Gant and Conrad V. Chester, January 1979.

30. Food Stockpiling for Emergency Shelters, Food and Materials Division, Commodity Stabilization Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, April 1961.

31. The KFM, a Homemade Yet Accurate and Dependable Fallout Meter, Cresson H. Kearny, Paul R. Barnes, Conrad V. Chester, and Margaret W. Cortner, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. ORNL-5040 (corrected), January 1978.

32. Where There Is No Doctor, David Werner, Hesperian Foundation, Palo Alto, Calif., 1977.

33. Personal communications from Colonel C. Blanchard Henry, M.D., Binghamton, N.Y., to Cresson H. Kearny in 1963.

34. Emergency Medical Treatment, TM-1 1-8, Federal Civil Defense Administration, U.S. Government Printing Office, April 1953.

35. "The Radiation Studies Begin," Science, Vol. 204, p. 281, 1979.

36. Protection of the Thyroid Gland in the Event of Releases of Radioiodine, National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, NCRP Report No. 55, Washington, D.C. 20014, August 1, 1977.

37. Accidental Radioactive Contamination of Human and Animal Feeds and Potassium Iodide as a Thyroid-Blocking Agent in a Radiation Emergency, Food and Drug Administration, Federal Register, December 15, 1978, pp. 58790-58800.

38. Civil Defense, N. I. Akimov et al., Moscow, 1969, ORNL/ tr-2306, Oak Ridge National Laboratory translation, April 1971

39. "Frantic Team Efforts Brought Vital Chemical to Stricken Plant," Robert Reinhold, New York Times, April 4, 1979, p. A16.

40. Trans-Pacific Fallout and Protective Countermeasures, Cresson H. Kearny, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Report No. 4900, November 1973.

41. Letter dated May 23, 1979 from William H. Wilcox, Administrator, Federal Disaster Assistance Administration, Washington, D.C. to Robert A. Levetown, Washington Representative of the American Civil Defense Association.

42. Historical Instances of Extreme Overcrowding, Bureau of Social Science Research, Inc., Report No. 354-5, March 1963.

43. After-Action Report, Operation Laboratory Shelter, Headquarters U.S. Army XXIV Airborne Corps, Ft. Bragg, N.C., 1970.

Book Page: 279

Copyright 2004 Nuclear War Survival Skills - Authorized by Cresson Kearny - Digitized by Arnold Jagt